Wednesday: Art Terminology post about specific mediums used in Fine Arts
I thought we might look more closely about different mediums used within the category of fine arts.
Under the broad category of fine art is 4 categories of art:
Some people will also include an other category when discussing fine arts. This would include architecture, animation, calligraphy, and photography.
Drawing mediums include:
- Pencil (made from graphite and come in a range of hardness).
- Pen and Ink (either a dip or reservoir pen in a range of colored inks).
- Charcoal (oldest drawing medium; is sometimes used by painters to make a sketch before painting).
- Chalk (made from limestone, applied dry to paper, and the typical colors used for drawing include red, black, and white). Now used by kids everywhere.
- Pastels (comes in soft and hard formats and either dry or made with oil).
It might also include book illustrations and caricatures.
Painting mediums include:
- Ink and Wash (Oriental or East Asian method of painting)
- Oil Painting (mixture of 3 parts: pigment or color, thinner added to make it easier to apply with a brush, and binder or oil). Additives might be included to change the drying time, appearance, or other actions.
- Watercolor Painting (dries quickly since color pigments are bound in water-soluble agents). Highly versatile medium since it can be used on a variety of materials.
- Gouache (a mixture of gum arabic or chalk with paint such as watercolors- it makes it more opaque, matte finish, range of colors including florescent and metallic, and different thicknesses).
- Acrylics (fast-drying water-soluble paint created by mixing pigment in an acrylic polymer emulsion).
- Tempera or egg tempera (mixture of water, whole eggs or egg yolks).
- Encaustic (uses hot beeswax to bind color pigments).
Printmaking mediums include:
- Silkscreen printing
Sculpture mediums include: